Luke Anthony

//Luke Anthony

Osteoarthritis

By | 2017-09-05T06:11:23+00:00 November 24th, 2014|Knee Pain, Luke Anthony, Pain|

 Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is most likely to develop in people aged over 45 years, although it can occur in younger people. Many people will develop symptoms as they age. A joint is a structure that allows movement at the meeting point of two bones. Cartilage is a firm cushion that covers the ends of the two bones, absorbing shock and enabling the bones to glide smoothly over each other. The joint is wrapped inside a tough capsule filled with synovial fluid. This fluid lubricates the cartilage and other structures in the joint and keeps it moving smoothly. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage becomes brittle and breaks down. Some pieces of cartilage may even break away and float around inside the synovial fluid. Deterioration of cartilage can lead to degeneration in the joint. Eventually, the cartilage can break down so much that it no longer cushions the two bones. Symptoms of osteoarthritis The symptoms of osteoarthritis can vary from one person to the next. Some of the more common symptoms include: stiffness joint pain muscle weakness. Joints affected by osteoarthritis All joints can be affected by osteoarthritis. Most commonly, it is the weight-bearing joints that are affected, including: knees – sometimes due to an old injury hips – older people are most at risk spine – in the neck or lower back. hands – usually the end finger joints. Risk factors for osteoarthritis The cause of osteoarthritis is unclear, but some risk factors have been identified. These include: being overweight or obese a family history of osteoarthritis a previous injury, significant trauma or overuse of the joint. Diagnosis of osteoarthritis If you are experiencing joint pain, it is important [...]

Physiotherapy In Stroke

By | 2017-09-05T06:11:23+00:00 March 27th, 2014|Luke Anthony, Physiotherapy, Rehab|

Stroke Facts and Figures Stroke is Australia’s second biggest killer after coronary heart disease and a leading cause of disability. 1 in 6 people will have a stroke in their lifetime. These people are someone’s sister, brother, wife, husband, daughter, son, partner, mother, father… friend. Behind the numbers are real lives. In 2012 about 50,000 Australians suffered new and recurrent strokes – that is 1000 strokes every week or one stroke every 10 minutes. In 2012 there were nearly 130,000 or 30% of stroke survivors under the age of 65 in the community. [In 2012 there were over 420,000 people living with the effects of stroke and 30% of these people were of working age.] In 2012 there were over 420,000 people living with the effects of stroke. This is predicted to increase to 709,000 in 2032. Stroke kills more women than breast cancer and more men than prostate cancer. 65% of those living with stroke also suffer a disability that impedes their ability to carry out daily living activities unassisted. In 2012, the total financial costs of stroke in Australia were estimated to be $5 billion. The estimate of $49.3 billion in burden of disease costs for stroke is comparable to the $41 billion burden of disease costs that Deloitte Access Economics estimated for anxiety and depression in 2010. The FAST test is an easy way to recognise and remember the signs of stroke. Using the FAST test involves asking these simple questions:   Face Check their face. Has their mouth drooped? Arm Can they lift both arms? Speech Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you? Time Time is critical. If you see any of these signs, call 000 straight away   What [...]

Carpal Tunnel

By | 2017-09-05T06:11:24+00:00 July 23rd, 2013|Luke Anthony, Tendinopathy, Wrist Pain|

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a painful disorder of the hand caused by pressure on nerves that run through the wrist. Symptoms include numbness, pins and needles, and pain (particularly at night). Anything that causes swelling inside the wrist can cause carpal tunnel syndrome, including repetitive hand movements, pregnancy and arthritis. Possible treatments include rest, splinting, cortisone injections and surgery.   What Is Carpal Tunnel The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway in the wrist, which opens into the hand. It is surrounded by the bones of the wrist (underneath) and the transverse carpal ligament (across the top). The median nerve runs through the carpal tunnel and gives feeling to the thumb, forefinger, middle finger and half of the ring finger. Many tendons also pass through this carpal tunnel and if any swelling occurs, the large median nerve can easily be compressed, causing carpal tunnel syndrome. Flexor tendons run through the carpal tunnel into the hand. These tendons are covered by a smooth membrane called the tenosynovium and allow hand movement. Any thickening from inflamed tendons or other causes of swelling can reduce the amount of space inside the carpal tunnel. If left unchecked, the median nerve is squashed against the transverse carpal ligament until the nerve cannot function properly. Numbness and pain are the result. It can affect one or both hands. The muscles of the thumb are also serviced by the median nerve. A person with advanced carpal tunnel syndrome may find they cannot properly use or move their thumb any more, and may find it difficult to grasp objects. Symptoms Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome The symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include: Numbness Pins and needles Pain, particularly at night [...]

Tennis Elbow

By | 2017-09-05T06:11:24+00:00 July 11th, 2013|Elbow Pain, Luke Anthony, Tendinopathy|

Tennis Elbow Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is a painful condition involving the tendons that attach to the bone on the outside (lateral) part of the elbow. Tendons anchor the muscle to bone. The muscle involved in this condition, the extensor carpi radialis brevis, helps to extend and stabilize the wrist (see Figure 1). With lateral epicondylitis, there is degeneration of the tendon’s attachment, weakening the anchor site and placing greater stress on the area. This can then lead to pain associated with activities in which this muscle is active, such as lifting, gripping, and/or grasping. Sports such as tennis are commonly associated with this, but the problem can occur with many different types of activities, athletic and otherwise.   What causes it? Overuse – The cause can be both non-work and work related. An activity that places stress on the tendon attachments, through stress on the extensor muscle-tendon unit, increases the strain on the tendon. These stresses can be from holding too large a racquet grip or from “repetitive” gripping and grasping activities, i.e. meat-cutting, plumbing, painting, weaving, etc. Trauma – A direct blow to the elbow may result in swelling of the tendon that can lead to degeneration. A sudden extreme action, force, or activity could also injure the tendon. Who gets it? The most common age group that this condition affects is between 30 to 50 years old, but it may occur in younger and older age groups, and in both men and women. Signs and Symptoms Pain is the primary reason for patients to seek medical evaluation. The pain is located over the outside aspect of the elbow, over the [...]